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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 20-F

(Mark One)

REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(B) OR 12(G) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Date of event requiring this shell company report _____________

For the transition period from _____________to _____________

Commission file number:   001-35729

JOYY INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

N/A

(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

 

Cayman Islands

(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

30 Pasir Panjang Road #15-31A Mapletree Business City,

Singapore 117440

(Address of principal executive offices)

David Xueling Li,

Chief Executive Officer,

Tel: +65 63519330, E-mail: lxl@joyy.com,

30 Pasir Panjang Road #15-31A Mapletree Business City,

Singapore 117440

(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

    

Trading symbol(s)

    

Name of Exchange on Which Registered

 

 

 

American depositary shares (each representing 20 Class A common shares, par value US$0.00001 per share)

YY

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Class A common shares, par value US$0.00001 per share*

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

*      Not for trading, but only in connection with the listing on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC of the American depositary shares (“ADSs”).

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

(Title of Class)

Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:

Table of Contents

None

(Title of Class)

Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the Issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report. 1,146,336,305 Class A common shares, par value US$0.00001 per share, and 326,509,555 Class B common shares, par value US$0.00001 per share, were outstanding as of December 31, 2021.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes  No 

If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Yes  No 

Note – Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer  

    

Accelerated filer  

Non-accelerated filer  

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

† The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

U.S. GAAP

International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the

Other 

 

International Accounting Standards Board

 

If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.

Item 17         Item 18 

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes  No 

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.

Yes  No 

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

1

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

1

PART I

2

ITEM 1.

IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISORS

2

ITEM 2.

OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

2

ITEM 3.

KEY INFORMATION

3

ITEM 4.

INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY

72

ITEM 4A.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

108

ITEM 5.

OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

108

ITEM 6.

DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES

132

ITEM 7.

MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

144

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

155

ITEM 9.

THE OFFER AND LISTING

157

ITEM 10.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

157

ITEM 11.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

176

ITEM 12.

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES

177

PART II

179

ITEM 13.

DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES

179

ITEM 14.

MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS

179

ITEM 15.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

180

ITEM 16A.

AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT

180

ITEM 16B.

CODE OF ETHICS

181

ITEM 16C.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

181

ITEM 16D.

EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES

181

ITEM 16E.

PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS

181

ITEM 16F.

CHANGE IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT

182

ITEM 16G.

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

182

ITEM 16H.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

182

ITEM 16I.

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTION THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

182

PART III

183

ITEM 17.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

183

ITEM 18.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

183

ITEM 19.

EXHIBITS

184

SIGNATURES

194

i

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Unless otherwise indicated and except where the context otherwise requires, references in this annual report on Form 20-F to:

“active user” for any period means a registered user account that has logged onto our platforms at least once during such relevant period;
“concurrent users” for any point in time means the total number of users that are simultaneously logged onto at least one of our platforms at such point in time;
“paying user” for any period means a registered user account that has purchased virtual items or other products and services on our platforms at least once during the relevant period. A paying user is not necessarily a unique user, however, as a unique user may set up multiple paying user accounts on our platforms; thus, the number of paying users referred to in this annual report may be higher than the number of unique users who are purchasing virtual items or other products and services;
“registered user account” means a user account that has downloaded, registered and logged onto our platforms at least once since registration. We calculate registered user accounts as the cumulative number of user accounts at the end of the relevant period that have logged onto our platforms at least once after registration. Each individual user may have more than one registered user account, and consequently, the number of registered user accounts we present in this annual report may overstate the number of unique individuals who are our registered users; and
“we,” “us,” “our company,” “the Company,” and “our” refer to JOYY Inc., a Cayman Islands company, its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and consolidated financial statements, also include the variable interest entities and the subsidiaries of the variable interest entities in the PRC that we control through a series of contractual arrangements.

Historically, we presented our financial results in Renminbi. Starting from January 1, 2021, we changed our reporting currency from Renminbi to U.S. dollars since a majority of our revenues and expenses are now denominated in U.S. dollars. We believe the alignment of the reporting currency with the underlying operations would better illustrate our results of operations for each period. We have applied the change of reporting currency retrospectively to our historical results of operations and financial statements included in this annual report.

On November 16, 2020, we entered into definitive agreements with Baidu, Inc. (Nasdaq: BIDU), or Baidu. Pursuant to the agreements, Baidu would acquire JOYY’s PRC video-based entertainment live streaming business, or YY Live, which includes YY mobile app, YY.com website and PC YY, among others, for an aggregate purchase price of approximately US$3.6 billion in cash, subject to certain adjustments. Subsequently, the sale was substantially completed as of February 8, 2021, with certain customary matters remaining to be completed in the future, including necessary regulatory approvals from government authorities. As a result, the historical financial results of YY Live are reflected in our consolidated financial statements as discontinued operations and we ceased consolidation of YY Live business since February 8, 2021.

The financial information and other relevant information disclosed in this annual report is presented on a continuing operations basis, unless otherwise specifically stated. For the avoidance of confusion, the continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021 as presented in this annual report primarily consisted of BIGO, and did not include Huya or YY Live. Due to the reasons mentioned above, the results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2019 presented in this annual report are not identical to the ones disclosed in our annual report for the year ended December 31, 2019.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This annual report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

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You can identify these forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “is expected to,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “is/are likely to” or other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:

our growth strategies;
our ability to retain and increase our user base and expand our product and service offerings;
our ability to monetize our platforms;
our future business development, results of operations and financial condition;
competition from companies in a number of industries, including internet companies that provide online voice and video communications services, social networking services and online games;
expected changes in our revenues and certain cost or expense items;
global economic and business condition; and
assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing.

You should thoroughly read this annual report and the documents that we refer to herein with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from and/or worse than what we expect. Other sections of this annual report, including “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors” and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” sections, discuss factors which could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements we make as predictions of future events. The forward-looking statements made in this annual report relate only to events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this annual report. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.

PART I

ITEM 1.               IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISORS

Not applicable.

ITEM 2.               OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

Not applicable.

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ITEM 3.               KEY INFORMATION

Our Holding Company Structure and Contractual Arrangements with the Variable Interest Entities

JOYY Inc. is a Cayman Islands holding company that does not have substantive operations on its own. We conduct our operations primarily through (i) our subsidiaries in Singapore, the United States, the United Kingdom, and other jurisdictions for a majority of our global business; and (ii) the variable interest entities with which we have maintained contractual arrangements and their subsidiaries for some of our remaining business in China. PRC laws and regulations prohibit or restrict foreign investment in certain internet-related business, value-added telecommunication services and other-related businesses. Accordingly, we operate these businesses in China through the variable interest entities, and rely on contractual arrangements among our PRC subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their shareholders to control the business operations of the variable interest entities. Revenues contributed by the variable interest entities accounted for 31.4%, 20.7% and 17.1% of our total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively. As used in this annual report, “we,” “us,” “our company” and “our” refers to JOYY Inc., its subsidiaries, and, in the context of describing our operations and consolidated financial information, also including the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries in China, primarily including Guangzhou Huaduo Network Technology Co., Ltd. and Guangzhou BaiGuoYuan Network Technology Co., Ltd. Investors in our ADSs are purchasing equity interest in a holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands that holds equity interests in its subsidiaries in various jurisdictions. JOYY Inc. does not hold any equity interest in the variable interest entities in China so investments in our ADSs would not render the investors any equity interest in the variable interest entities.

A series of contractual agreements, including voting rights proxy agreements, exclusive service agreements, equity interest pledge agreements, and exclusive option agreements, have been entered into by and among our subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their respective shareholders. Terms contained in each set of contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their respective shareholders are substantially similar. As a result of the contractual arrangements, we have effective control over and are considered the primary beneficiary of these companies, and we have consolidated the financial results of these companies in our consolidated financial statements. For more details of these contractual arrangements, see “Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions—B. Related Party Transactions—Contractual Arrangements.”

However, the contractual arrangements may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing us with control over the variable interest entities and we may incur substantial costs to enforce the terms of the arrangements. If the variable interest entities or the nominee shareholders fail to perform their respective obligations under the contractual arrangements, we could be limited in our ability to enforce the contractual arrangements that give us effective control over the variable interest entities. Meanwhile, there are very few precedents as to whether contractual arrangements would be judged to form effective control over the variable interest entities through the contractual arrangements, or how contractual arrangements in the context of a variable interest entity should be interpreted or enforced by the PRC courts. Furthermore, if we are unable to maintain effective control, we would not be able to continue to consolidate the financial results of these entities in our financial statements. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure—We rely on contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their shareholders for some of our operation in China, which may not be as effective as direct ownership. If the variable interest entities and their shareholders fail to perform their obligations under these contractual arrangements, we may have to resort to litigation or other legal proceedings to enforce our rights, which may be time-consuming, unpredictable, expensive and damaging to our operations and reputation” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure— Our existing shareholders have substantial influence over our company and their interests may not be aligned with the interests of our other shareholders, which may discourage, delay or prevent a change in control of our company, which could deprive our shareholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their securities.”

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There are also substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of current and future PRC laws, regulations and rules regarding the status of the rights of our Cayman Islands holding company with respect to its contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and their shareholders. It is uncertain whether any new PRC laws or regulations relating to variable interest entity structures will be adopted or if adopted, what they would provide. If we or any of the variable interest entities is found to be in violation of any existing or future PRC laws or regulations, or fail to obtain or maintain any of the required permits or approvals, the relevant PRC regulatory authorities would have broad discretion to take action in dealing with such violations or failures. See “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure— If the PRC government finds that the structure we have adopted for our business operations does not comply with PRC laws and regulations, or if these laws or regulations or interpretations of existing laws or regulations change in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties, including the shutting down of our platforms and our business operations currently operated in China” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure— If the variable interest entities fail to obtain and maintain the requisite licenses and approvals required under the complex regulatory environment for internet-based businesses in China, our business, financial condition and results of operations in China may be adversely affected.”

Our corporate structure is subject to risks associated with our contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities. If the PRC government deems that our contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities do not comply with PRC regulatory restrictions on foreign investment in the relevant industries, or if these regulations or the interpretation of existing regulations change or are interpreted differently in the future, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in those operations. Our holding company, our PRC subsidiaries and consolidated variable interest entities, and investors of our company face uncertainty about potential future actions by the PRC government that could affect the enforceability of the contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities and, consequently, significantly affect the financial performance of the variable interest entities and our company as a whole. For a detailed description of the risks associated with our corporate structure, please refer to risks disclosed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure.”

These risks could result in a material adverse change in our operations and the value of our ADSs, significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to continue to offer securities to investors, or cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or become worthless. For a detailed description of risks related to doing business in multiple jurisdictions, please refer to risks disclosed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Jurisdictions We Operate.”

Permissions Required from the PRC Authorities for Our Operations

We conduct a portion of our business primarily through our subsidiaries and variable interest entities in China. Our operations in China are governed by PRC laws and regulations. As of the date of this annual report, our PRC subsidiaries and variable interest entities have obtained the requisite licenses and permits from the PRC government authorities that are material for the business operations of our holding company, our subsidiaries and the variable interest entities in China, including, among others, the Internet Culture Operation License, the Value-added Telecommunications Business Operation License (ICP License), the Radio and Television Program Production and Operating Permit, the License for Online Transmission of Audio-Visual Programs and the License for Surveying and Mapping. Given the uncertainties of interpretation and implementation of relevant laws and regulations and the enforcement practice by relevant government authorities, we may be required to obtain additional licenses, permits, filings or approvals for the functions and services of our platform in the future. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors— Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure — If the variable interest entities fail to obtain and maintain the requisite licenses and approvals required under the complex regulatory environment for internet-based businesses in China, our business, financial condition and results of operations in China may be adversely affected.”

Furthermore, on December 24, 2021, the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, published the draft Provisions of the State Council on the Administration of Overseas Issuance and Listing of Securities by Domestic Companies (Draft for Comments), or the Administrative Provisions, and the draft of Administration Measures for the Filing of Overseas Securities Offering and Listing by Domestic Companies (Draft for Comments), or the Draft Administration Measures, for public comments. Pursuant to these drafts, “PRC domestic companies” that seek to directly or indirectly issue or list their securities overseas must file with CSRC certain required documents and “PRC domestic companies” are defined to include both (i) PRC companies limited by shares, and (ii) offshore-incorporated companies whose main business operations are in China that seek issuance of shares and listing overseas based on their onshore equity, assets or similar interests. More specifically, a “PRC domestic company” that seeks an initial public offering overseas, or a “PRC domestic company” already listed overseas who seeks to list its securities in another overseas market, must file the required documents with CSRC within three (3) business days after submitting the application documents for the foregoing transactions.

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As of the date of this annual report, it remains uncertain when the final Administrative Provisions and Filing Measures will be adopted and whether they will be adopted in the current draft form. Although a majority of our business is conducted outside China, because we still have some remaining business and a substantial number of employees in China, if the Administrative Provisions and the Filing Measures are adopted in the current form, it is possible that we may be required to file the relevant documents with the CSRC, in connection with our proposed offering and listing outside China in the future.

In addition, on December 28, 2021, the Cyberspace Administration of China, or the CAC, and several other administrations jointly promulgated the Measures for Cybersecurity Review, or the Cybersecurity Review Measures, which became effective on February 15, 2022, superseding and replacing the current cybersecurity review measures that had been in effect since June 2020. The Cybersecurity Review Measures provide that (i) a “network platform operator” holding over one million users’ personal information shall apply for a cybersecurity review when listing their securities “in a foreign country” (ii) a critical information infrastructure operator, or a CIIO, that intends to purchase internet products and services that affect or may affect national security should apply for a cybersecurity review, and (iii) a “network platform operator” carrying out data processing activities that affect or may affect national security should apply for a cybersecurity review. Since the Cybersecurity Review Measures are relatively new, significant uncertainties remain in relation to their interpretation and implementation. Additionally, the Cybersecurity Review Measures do not provide the exact scope of “network platform operator” or the criteria for determining which circumstance falls within the definition of “holding over one million users’ personal information.” Furthermore, on November 14, 2021, the CAC commenced to publicly solicit comments on the Regulations on the Administration of Cyber Data Security (Draft for Comments), or the Draft Cyber Data Security Regulation. The Draft Cyber Data Security Regulation provides that, among others, data processors that handle personal information of more than one million people contemplating to list its securities on a foreign stock exchange shall apply for cybersecurity review. As a result, it is possible that we may be required to go through cybersecurity review by the CAC. However, the Draft Cyber Data Security Regulation has not been officially enacted as of the date of this annual report and the Cybersecurity Review Measures is relatively new. It remains unclear on how these regulations will be interpreted, amended and implemented by the relevant PRC governmental authorities, how PRC governmental authorities will regulate overseas listing in general and whether we are required to obtain any specific regulatory approvals from the CSRC, CAC or any other PRC governmental authorities for our offerings outside China. Therefore, there can be no assurance that we will not be required to apply for a cybersecurity review pursuant to the Cybersecurity Review Measures. To the extent any cybersecurity review is required, we cannot assure you that we will able to complete it in a timely manner, or at all, and such approvals may be rescinded even if obtained. As of the date of this annual report, we have not been subject to any cybersecurity review under the Cybersecurity Review Measures.

If we fail to obtain the relevant approval or complete other filing or review procedures for any future offshore offering or listing, we may face sanctions by the CSRC or other PRC regulatory authorities, which may include warnings, fines, suspension of business to rectify, revocation of licenses, cancellation of filings, shutdown of our platform or even criminal liability, limitations on our operating privileges in China, restrictions on or prohibition of the payments or remittance of dividends by our subsidiaries in China, restrictions on or delays to our future financing transactions outside China, or other actions that could have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, reputation and prospects, as well as the trading price of our ADSs. For more detailed information, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Jurisdictions We Operate—The approval of the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required in connection with our offerings outside China under PRC law, and, if required, we cannot predict whether or for how long we will be able to obtain such approval.”

We currently operate in several key markets across the globe, such as North America, Europe, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Eastern Pacific regions, and others. We face various risks and uncertainties related to doing business in multiple jurisdictions across the globe. In particular, for our operations in China, we are subject to complex and evolving PRC laws and regulations to the extent applicable. For example, we face risks associated with regulatory approvals on offerings outside China, anti-monopoly regulatory actions, and oversight on cybersecurity and data privacy. In the meanwhile, our auditor, PricewaterhouseCoopers Zhong Tian LLP, and its audit work is currently unable to be inspected independently and fully by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, or the PCAOB. These may impact our ability to conduct certain businesses, accept foreign investments, or list on a United States or other foreign exchange. PRC government’s significant authority in regulating our operations and its oversight over offerings conducted overseas and foreign investment could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors. Implementation of industry-wide regulations, including data security or anti-monopoly related regulations, in this nature may cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or become worthless. Risks and uncertainties arising from the legal system in China, including risks and uncertainties regarding the enforcement of laws and quickly evolving rules and regulations in China, could result in a material adverse change in our operations in China and the value of our ADSs.

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The Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act

The Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, or the HFCAA, was enacted on December 18, 2020. The HFCAA states that if the SEC determines that we have filed audit reports issued by a registered public accounting firm that has not been subject to inspection by the PCAOB for three consecutive years beginning in 2021, the SEC shall prohibit our shares or ADSs from being traded on a national securities exchange in the United States. Since our auditor is located in China, a jurisdiction where the PCAOB has been unable to conduct inspections without the approval of the Chinese authorities, our auditor is not currently inspected by the PCAOB, which may impact our ability to remain listed on a United States exchange. The related risks and uncertainties could cause the value of our ADSs to significantly decline or become worthless. For more details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Jurisdictions We Operate—The PCAOB is currently unable to inspect our auditor in relation to their audit work performed for our financial statements and the inability of the PCAOB to conduct inspections over our auditor deprives our investors of the benefits of such inspections” and “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Jurisdictions We Operate — Our ADSs will be prohibited from trading in the United States under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act, or the HFCAA, in 2024 if the PCAOB is unable to inspect or fully investigate auditors located in China, or in 2023 if proposed changes to the law are enacted. The delisting of our ADSs, or the threat of their being delisted, may materially and adversely affect the value of your investment.”

Furthermore, on December 2, 2021, the SEC adopted final amendments implementing the disclosure and submission requirements under the HFCAA, pursuant to which the SEC will identify a “Commission-Identified Issuer” if an issuer has filed an annual report containing an audit report issued by a registered public accounting firm that the PCAOB has determined it is unable to inspect or investigate completely because of a position taken by an authority in the foreign jurisdiction, and will then impose a trading prohibition on an issuer after it is identified as a Commission-Identified Issuer for three consecutive years.

Cash and Asset Flows through Our Organization

JOYY Inc. is a holding company with no material operations of its own. We conduct our operations primarily through our subsidiaries, the variable interest entities and their subsidiaries incorporated under the laws of various jurisdictions where we have business presence. As a result, JOYY Inc.’s ability to pay dividends depends upon dividends paid by our subsidiaries, which is subject to restrictions imposed by the applicable laws and regulations in these jurisdictions. In certain jurisdictions, such as Singapore, there are currently no foreign exchange control regulations which restrict the ability of our subsidiaries in these jurisdictions to distribute dividends to us. However, the relevant regulations may be changed and the ability of these subsidiaries to distribute dividends to us may be restricted in the future. As for the jurisdiction of PRC, under the PRC laws and regulations, if our existing PRC subsidiaries or any newly formed ones incur debt on their own behalf in the future, the instruments governing their debt may restrict their ability to pay dividends to us. In addition, our wholly foreign-owned subsidiaries in China are permitted to pay dividends to us only out of its retained earnings, if any, as determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Under the PRC laws and regulations, each of our subsidiaries and the variable interest entities in China is required to make appropriations to certain statutory reserve funds or may make appropriations to certain discretionary funds, which are not distributable as cash dividends except in the event of a solvent liquidation of the companies. For more details, see “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Liquidity and Capital Resources—Holding Company Structure.”

We have established stringent controls and procedures for cash flows within our organization. Each transfer of cash between our Cayman Islands holding company and our subsidiaries, the variable interest entities or the subsidiaries of the variable interest entities is subject to internal approval. The cash inflows of the Cayman Islands holding company were primarily generated from the proceeds we received from our public offerings of common shares, our offerings of convertible senior notes and other financing activities.

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Under the PRC laws and regulations, JOYY Inc. may provide funding to its PRC subsidiaries only through capital contributions or loans, and to the variable interest entities only through loans, subject to satisfaction of applicable government registration and approval requirements. Currently, there is no statutory limit to the amount of funding that we can provide to our PRC subsidiaries through capital contributions. However, the maximum amount we can loan to our PRC subsidiaries and the variable interest entities is subject to statutory limits. According to current PRC laws and regulations, we can provide funding to our PRC subsidiaries through loans of up to either (i) the amount of the difference between the respective registered total investment amount and registered capital of each of our PRC subsidiaries, or the Total Investment and Registered Capital Balance, or (ii) two times, or the then applicable statutory multiple, the amount of their respective net assets, calculated in accordance with PRC GAAP, or the Net Assets Limit, at our election. We may also fund the variable interest entities through cross-border loans and the maximum amount would be their respective Net Assets Limit. Increasing the Total Investment and Registered Capital Balance of our PRC subsidiaries is subject to governmental procedures and may require a PRC subsidiary to increase its registered capital at the same time. If we choose to make a loan to a PRC entity based on its Net Assets Limit, the maximum amount we would be able to loan to the relevant PRC entity would depend on the relevant entity’s net assets and the applicable statutory multiple at the time of calculation. For details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors— Risks Related to Doing Business in Jurisdictions We Operate— PRC regulation of direct investment and loans by offshore holding companies to PRC entities may delay or limit us from using the proceeds of public offerings to make additional capital contributions or loans to our PRC subsidiaries.”

For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, JOYY Inc., through its intermediate holding companies, provided capital contributions of US$0.1 million, US$7.2 million and US$7.8 million, respectively, to our subsidiaries in China.

For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, JOYY Inc. provided loans of US$1,010.4 million, US$954.1 million and nil, respectively, to our intermediate holding companies and subsidiaries, and received repayments of nil, nil and US$723.3 million, respectively.

For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, cash paid by the variable interest entities to our subsidiaries for the settlement of technical support fees and software transactions were US$101.3 million, US$423.6 million and US$114.6 million, respectively. For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, cash received by the variable interest entities from our subsidiaries were US$26.3 million, US$25.0 million and US$129.4 million, respectively, as the revenues earned from our subsidiaries. In the future, to the extent there is any fee owed to our PRC subsidiaries under the contractual arrangements with the variable interest entities, the variable interest entities intend to settle it.

For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, the variable interest entities' cash flows for investing activities provided to our subsidiaries were net cash outflows of US$84.4 million, US$104.1 million and US$35.6 million, respectively. For the year ended December 31, 2019, the variable interest entities' cash flows for financing activities provided to our subsidiaries were net cash outflows of US$51.8 million. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2021, the variable interest entities' cash flows for financing activities provided by our subsidiaries were net cash inflows of US$25.2 million and US$5.4 million, respectively.

For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, no assets other than cash were transferred between the Cayman Islands holding company and a subsidiary, a variable interest entity or its subsidiary within our corporate structure, and no subsidiaries paid dividends or made other distributions to the holding company. For details of the financial position, cash flows and results of operations of the variable interest entities, see “—Financial Information Related to the Variable Interest Entities” and Note 4(a) to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report.

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Under PRC laws and regulations, our PRC subsidiaries and the variable interest entities are subject to certain restrictions with respect to paying dividends or otherwise transferring any of their net assets to us. Remittance of dividends by a wholly foreign-owned enterprise out of China is also subject to examination by the banks designated by SAFE. Current PRC regulations permit our PRC subsidiaries to pay dividends to us only out of their accumulated after-tax profits upon satisfaction of relevant statutory condition and procedures, if any, determined in accordance with Chinese accounting standards and regulations. In addition, each of our PRC subsidiaries is required to set aside at least 10% of its accumulated profits each year, if any, to fund certain reserve funds until the total amount set aside reaches 50% of its registered capital. As of December 31, 2021, appropriations to statutory reserves amounting to US$26.8 million were made by twenty-nine variable interest entities. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends. Furthermore, if our PRC subsidiaries and the variable interest entities incur debt on their own behalf in the future, the instruments governing the debt may restrict their ability to pay dividends or make other payments to us, which may restrict our ability to satisfy our liquidity requirements. In addition, the EIT Law, and its implementation rules provide that withholding tax rate of 10% will be applicable to dividends payable by Chinese companies to non-PRC-resident enterprises unless otherwise exempted or reduced according to treaties or arrangements between the PRC central government and governments of other countries or regions where the non-PRC-resident enterprises are incorporated. For details, see “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors—Risks Related to Doing Business in Jurisdictions We Operate—Our PRC subsidiaries and the variable interest entities are subject to restrictions on paying dividends or making other payments to us, which may restrict our ability to satisfy our liquidity requirements.” With the sale of YY Live to Baidu being substantially completed with certain customary matters, including necessary regulatory approvals from government authorities, remaining to be completed in the future, the majority of our revenue and operating cash would be from non-PRC subsidiaries, and our reliance on dividends from PRC subsidiaries would be limited.

JOYY Inc. has declared cash dividends from time to time, and plans to continue to pay cash dividends on its common shares in the foreseeable future. On August 11, 2020, our board of directors approved a quarterly dividend policy for the next three years commencing in the second quarter of 2020. Under the policy, total cash dividend amount expected to be paid will be approximately US$300 million and quarterly dividends will be set at approximately US$25 million in each fiscal quarter. On November 20, 2020, our board of directors approved an additional quarterly dividend policy for the next three years, under which the total cash dividend amount expected to be paid will be approximately US$200 million and quarterly dividend set at a fixed amount of approximately US$16.67 million in each fiscal quarter. As of March 31, 2022, we have paid dividends in an aggregate amount of US$160.1 million. See “Item 8. Financial Information—A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information—Dividend Policy.” For the material Cayman Islands, Singapore, PRC and U.S. federal income tax consequences of an investment in our ADSs or common shares, see “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation.”

Financial Information Related to the Variable Interest Entities

The following table presents the condensed consolidating schedule of financial information of JOYY Inc., the variable interest entities, the primary beneficiaries of the variable interest entities, and other equity subsidiaries for the periods and as of the dates presented.

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Selected Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss Data

For the Year Ended December 31, 2021

Primary

The 

Equity

Beneficiaries of

VIEs and VIEs’

    

Company

    

 Subsidiaries

    

  VIEs

    

 Subsidiaries

    

Eliminations

    

Consolidated

(US$ in thousands)

Inter-company revenues (1)

13,995

239,595

109,618

(363,208)

Third-party revenues

2,170,655

925

447,471

2,619,051

Total revenue

2,184,650

240,520

557,089

(363,208)

2,619,051

Cost of revenue

 

 

(1,490,718)

 

(62,644)

 

(407,727)

 

179,939

 

(1,781,150)

Total operating expenses

 

 

(685,945)

 

(201,770)

 

(293,959)

 

211,755

 

(969,919)

Gain (loss) on disposal of business

 

 

13,039

 

 

(8,080)

 

 

4,959

Other income

 

 

1,503

 

11,841

 

13,663

 

(6,631)

 

20,376

Share of loss of subsidiaries VIEs (2)

 

(117,603)

 

(134,745)

 

(104,447)

 

 

356,795

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(117,603)

 

(112,216)

 

(116,500)

 

(139,014)

 

378,650

 

(106,683)

Non-operating income (expense)

 

(6,068)

 

11,866

 

6,175

 

17,097

 

24

 

29,094

Loss before income tax

 

(123,671)

 

(100,350)

 

(110,325)

 

(121,917)

 

378,674

 

(77,589)

Income tax expense

 

 

(13,222)

 

(8,289)

 

(4,234)

 

 

(25,745)

loss before share of income (loss) in equity method investments, net of income taxes

 

(123,671)

 

(113,572)

 

(118,614)

 

(126,151)

 

378,674

 

(103,334)

Share of income (loss) in equity method investments, net of income taxes

 

7,811

 

(37,887)

 

 

3,859

 

 

(26,217)

Net loss from continuing operations

 

(115,860)

 

(151,459)

 

(118,614)

 

(122,292)

 

378,674

 

(129,551)

Net income from continuing operations attributable to the non-controlling interest shareholders and the mezzanine equity classified non-controlling interest shareholders

 

 

11,977

 

 

1,714

 

 

13,691

Net loss from continuing operations attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

(115,860)

 

(139,482)

 

(118,614)

 

(120,578)

 

378,674

 

(115,860)

Net income from discontinued operations attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

35,567

Net loss attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

(80,293)

9

Table of Contents

For the Year Ended December 31, 2020

Primary

The 

Equity

Beneficiaries of

VIEs and VIEs’

    

Company

    

 Subsidiaries

    

VIEs

    

 Subsidiaries

    

Eliminations

    

Consolidated

(US$ in thousands)

Inter-company revenues (1)

379,331

189,743

79,609

(648,683)

Third-party revenues

1,521,123

678

396,343

1,918,144

Total revenue

1,900,454

190,421

475,952

(648,683)

1,918,144

Cost of revenue

 

(1,094,930)

 

(17,938)

 

(515,411)

 

250,133

 

(1,378,146)

Total operating expenses

 

(700,171)

 

(100,985)

 

(514,889)

 

361,172

 

(954,873)

Other income (loss)

 

5,863

 

(3,950)

 

8,226

 

(2,044)

 

8,095

Share of loss of subsidiaries/VIEs (2)

(208,247)

 

(463,276)

 

(523,848)

 

 

1,195,371

 

Operating loss

(208,247)

 

(352,060)

 

(456,300)

 

(546,122)

 

1,155,949

 

(406,780)

Non-operating income (expense)

187,044

 

186,879

 

(875)

 

46,957

 

432

 

420,437

Income (Loss) before income tax

(21,203)

 

(165,181)

 

(457,175)

 

(499,165)

 

1,156,381

 

13,657

Income tax expense

 

(7,332)

 

(1,491)

 

(19,002)

 

 

(27,825)

Loss before share of income (loss) in equity method investments, net of income taxes

(21,203)

 

(172,513)

 

(458,666)

 

(518,167)

 

1,156,381

 

(14,168)

Share of income (loss) in equity method investments, net of income taxes

2,462

 

2,841

 

 

(12,937)

 

 

(7,634)

Net loss from continuing operations

(18,741)

 

(169,672)

 

(458,666)

 

(531,104)

 

1,156,381

 

(21,802)

Net income from continuing operations attributable to the non-controlling interest shareholders and the mezzanine equity classified non-controlling interest shareholders

 

415

 

 

2,646

 

 

3,061

Net loss from continuing operations attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

(18,741)

 

(169,257)

 

(458,666)

 

(528,458)

 

1,156,381

 

(18,741)

Net income from discontinued operations attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

1,391,638

Net income attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

1,372,897

10

Table of Contents

For the Year Ended December 31, 2019

Primary

The 

Equity

Beneficiaries of

VIEs and VIEs’

    

Company

    

 Subsidiaries

    

  VIEs

    

 Subsidiaries

    

Eliminations

    

Consolidated

(US$ in thousands)

Inter-company revenues (1)

60,321

111,943

29,581

(201,845)

Third-party revenues

617,658

283,044

900,702

Total revenue

677,979

111,943

312,625

(201,845)

900,702

Cost of revenue

 

 

(447,605)

 

(17,790)

 

(281,599)

 

90,074

 

(656,920)

Total operating expenses

 

 

(564,079)

 

(93,487)

 

(232,406)

 

113,409

 

(776,563)

Gain on disposal of business

 

 

 

 

11,754

 

 

11,754

Other income

 

 

1,429

 

325

 

3,920

 

 

5,674

Share of loss of subsidiaries VIEs (2)

 

(25,303)

 

(165,818)

 

(168,385)

 

 

359,506

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(25,303)

 

(498,094)

 

(167,394)

 

(185,706)

 

361,144

 

(515,353)

Non-operating (expense) income

 

(39,477)

 

421,600

 

198

 

38,246

 

44

 

420,611

Loss before income tax

 

(64,780)

 

(76,494)

 

(167,196)

 

(147,460)

 

361,188

 

(94,742)

Income tax benefit (expenses)

 

 

23,127

 

(50)

 

(2,979)

 

 

20,098

Loss before share of income (loss) in equity method investments, net of income taxes

 

(64,780)

 

(53,367)

 

(167,246)

 

(150,439)

 

361,188

 

(74,644)

Share of income (loss) in equity method investments, net of income taxes

 

 

25,880

 

 

(19,906)

 

 

5,974

Net loss from continuing operations

 

(64,780)

 

(27,487)

 

(167,246)

 

(170,345)

 

361,188

 

(68,670)

Net income from continuing operations attributable to the non-controlling interest shareholders and the mezzanine equity classified non-controlling interest shareholders

 

 

499

 

 

3,391

 

 

3,890

Net loss from continuing operations attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

(64,780)

 

(26,988)

 

(167,246)

 

(166,954)

 

361,188

 

(64,780)

Net income from discontinued operations attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

574,592

Net income attributable to controlling interest of JOYY Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

509,812

Notes:

(1)

Represents the elimination of the intercompany transaction and service charge at the consolidation level. The VIEs recognized inter-company cost of revenues and operating expenses in the amounts of US$77.7 million, US$447.3 million and US$35.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively, for technical support services.

(2)

Represents the elimination of investments among JOYY Inc., the primary beneficiaries of VIEs, the other subsidiaries, and VIEs and their subsidiaries that we consolidate.

11

Table of Contents

Selected Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets Data

    

As of December 31, 2021

Primary

Equity

Beneficiaries

VIEs and VIEs’

   

The Company

   

Subsidiaries

   

of VIEs

   

subsidiaries

   

Eliminations

   

Consolidated

(US$ in thousands)

Assets

  

  

  

  

  

  

Cash and cash equivalents

615

1,287,290

115,875

433,405

1,837,185

Restricted cash

289,658

7,364

297,022

Short-term deposits

 

 

1,263,843

 

31,369

 

308,986

 

 

1,604,198

Restricted short-term deposits

 

 

285

 

 

 

 

285

Short-term investments

 

193,925

 

400,744

 

62,930

 

288,944

 

 

946,543

Accounts receivable

 

 

108,469

 

23

 

5,880

 

 

114,372

Prepayments and other current assets

 

 

106,748

 

5,812

 

101,173

 

 

213,733

Amounts due from Group companies (1)

 

1,416,481

 

69,112

 

242,517

 

263,373

 

(1,991,483)

 

Investments in subsidiaries (2)

 

4,211,891

 

2,444,874

 

53,357

 

 

(6,710,122)

 

Investments in VIEs (2)

 

 

 

1,929,014

 

 

(1,929,014)

 

Long-term investments

 

648,153

 

104,655

 

34,370

 

235,277

 

 

1,022,455

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

117,037

 

76,524

 

171,831

 

 

365,392

Land use rights, net

 

 

 

 

370,052

 

 

370,052

Intangible assets, net

 

 

266,375

 

10,261

 

58,893

 

(23,447)

 

312,082

Goodwill

 

 

1,958,263

 

 

 

 

1,958,263

Other assets

 

 

14,296

 

48,484

 

15,650

 

 

78,430

Total assets

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

9,120,012

Liabilities and shareholders’equity Liabilities

  

  

  

  

  

  

Convertible bonds

 

924,077

 

 

 

 

 

924,077

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

27,109

 

 

9,105

 

 

36,214

Accounts payable

 

 

3,454

 

357

 

14,200

 

 

18,011

Deferred revenue

 

 

49,119

 

491

 

17,722

 

 

67,332

Income taxes payable

 

13,573

 

26,322

 

237

 

25,606

 

 

65,738

Accrued liabilities and other current liabilities

 

5,087

 

2,160,029

 

66,397

 

114,325

 

 

2,345,838

Amounts due to Group companies (1)

 

 

1,822,123

 

37,475

 

131,887

 

(1,991,485)

 

Other liabilities

 

 

12,345

 

7,348

 

14,811

 

 

34,504

Total liabilities

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

3,491,714

Mezzanine equity

 

 

65,833

 

 

 

 

65,833

Shareholders’ equity

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Total JOYY Inc.’s shareholders’ equity

 

5,528,328

 

4,235,336

 

2,498,231

 

1,929,014

 

(8,662,581)

 

5,528,328

Non-controlling interests

 

 

29,979

 

 

4,158

 

 

34,137

Total shareholders’ equity

 

5,528,328

 

4,265,315

 

2,498,231

 

1,933,172

 

(8,662,581)

 

5,562,465

Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and shareholders’ equity

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

9,120,012

12

Table of Contents

    

  As of December 31, 2020

Primary

VIEs and

Equity

Beneficiaries of

VIEs’

   

The Company

   

Subsidiaries

   

VIEs

   

Subsidiaries

   

Eliminations

   

Consolidated

(US$ in thousands)  

Assets

  

  

  

  

  

  

Cash and cash equivalents

2,416

1,307,477

184,556

248,300

1,742,749

Restricted cash

 

 

13,197

 

 

536

 

 

13,733

Short-term deposits

 

 

640,000

 

15,326

 

669,742

 

 

1,325,068

Restricted short-term deposits

 

 

639

 

198

 

30,652

 

 

31,489

Short-term investments

 

51,000

 

72,499

 

98,955

 

266,647

 

 

489,101

Accounts receivable

 

 

117,073

 

41

 

25,885

 

 

142,999

Prepayments and other current assets

 

312

 

34,446

 

12,521

 

55,593

 

 

102,872

Amounts due from Group companies (1)

 

1,952,122

 

51,380

 

314,587

 

364,025

 

(2,682,114)

 

Investments in subsidiaries (2)

 

4,395,322

 

2,516,501

 

16,988

 

 

(6,928,811)

 

Investments in VIEs (2)

 

 

 

2,033,976

 

 

(2,033,976)

 

Long-term investments

 

631,387

 

187,487

 

38,613

 

381,867

 

 

1,239,354

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

 

165,453

 

79,714

 

156,494

 

 

401,661

Land use rights, net

 

 

 

 

258,770

 

 

258,770

Intangible assets, net

 

 

283,854

 

15,687

 

84,236

 

(39,563)

 

344,214

Goodwill

 

 

1,872,083

 

 

 

 

1,872,083

Other assets

 

 

37,251

 

1,219

 

14,366

 

 

52,836

Assets held for sale

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

78,028

Total assets

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

8,094,957

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity Liabilities

 

Convertible bonds

779,225

779,225

Deferred tax liabilities

31,556

10,866

42,422

Accounts payable

4,433

478

16,045

20,956

Deferred revenue

51,132

603

18,627

70,362

Income taxes payable

13,861

6,340

21,202

19,492

60,895

Accrued liabilities and other current liabilities

4,063

273,917

98,020

108,450

484,450

Short-term loans

10,011

102,538

112,549

Amounts due to Group companies (1)

2,383,285

147,392

151,073

(2,681,750)

Other liabilities

16,877

1,186

8,987

27,050

Liabilities held for sale

183,524

Total liabilities

1,781,433

Mezzanine equity

</